Bac Can

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Bac Can

Bac Kan , also spelt as Bac Can, is a province of Vietnam. It is located in the northeastern part of the country, due north of the capital Hanoi. Bac K?n is the only town of the province which is the capital of the province and is a municipality. The province covers an area of 4859.4 square kilometres and as of 2008 it had a population of 308,900 people.  Its northern side borders on Cao Bang Province; the eastern side meets Lang Son Province; the western side is next to Tuyen Quang Province; and the southern side is contiguous to Thai Nguyen Province. If you want to visit Bac Can province, the first thing you should do to apply Vietnam visa and take a flight to Hanoi because Bac Kan Township stays far away from Ha Noi more than 160 kilometers.
As one of the provinces where many races living harmoniously, the culture base here brings along many nuances as well as different traditional festivities of the local residents which are normally celebrated after the Lunar New Year (Tet holidays), having a good deal of games containing their distinct character. It can be said that Bac Kan is favorable by the nature when it has got a number of poetic and dreamlike landscapes with great potential for developing tourism industry. One beauty spot that must be mentioned is Ba Be Lake at which the advantages in ecological tourism, culture and scenery have converged.

The climatic condition of the province is typically tropical monsoonal, which exhibits two distinct seasons namely, the rainy season from May to October accounting for about 88-90 % of the annual rainfall and dry climatic conditions between November and April. This results in water shortage conditions during the dry months.

Attractions

Bac Kan is a mountainous terrain with rich natural resources of minerals and forests. It has numerous mountains, rivers and lakes which are very scenic; Ba Be National Park and the Ba Be Lake within its precincts are popular attractions.

Ba Be lake

Ba Be Lake located at an altitude of 178 metres (584 ft), in the midst of the Ba Be National Park has a water spread area of 500 ha.The bed of the lake is uneven with submerged mounts and also limestone islets. It is the biggest natural lake in Vietnam, formed in the Cho Ra-Ba Be-Cho Don karstic or ‘Karst’ terrain, a low-lying terrain in North midlands. The Government of Vietnam has also notified the lake as a forest preserve and a techno-economic study was instituted as part of the National Park Conservation programme.

 Ba Be National Park

The narrow central part of the Ba Be Lake in the dry season. Ba Be National Park, established in 1992, covers an area of 100.48 square kilometres (38.80 sq mi). It was set up to protect the Ba B? Lake along with its surrounding limestone and lowland evergreen forests. The reserve forest has two main types of forest vegetation namely the limestone and lowland evergreen forests. The limestone forest, the larger of the two types in the reserve has steep limestone slopes with shallow soil cover. The forest species recorded are mostly Burretiodendron hsienmu and Streblus tonkinensis. The other type is the lowland evergreen forest shallow slopes with a thicker mantle of soils. It has a rich ground flora with a higher diversity of tree species.

Other attractions in the park

– Puong Cave is a large cave in the north of the Ba Be park through which the Nang River flows. The main cave is up to50 metres (160 ft) high and about 300 metres (980 ft) long, in limestone formation. The cave is inhabited by a large population of bats which belong to 18 species, out of which three species are identified for plant pollination and scattering seeds.

– The “Fairy Pond” is an isolated rock basin filled with clear water that seeps through the surrounding limestone rock. However, the water level in this pond is the same as the Ba Be Lake.

– The Dau Dang Waterfall is formed by the Nang River. It consist of a sequence of rapids which stretch over a length of almost one kilometre as the river flows into the Tuyen Quang Province.

– Widow Island is a small, cone-shaped islet near the centre of the southern part of the lake. According to local legend, the islet was once the home of an old widow who was spared from a flood through divine intervention.

Other well known caves include Puong Cave, Na Poong, Ba Cua Cave, Son Duong Cave and Kim Hy Nature Reserve.

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