Ho Chi Minh, Vietnam

Vietnam Popular Destinations

Ho Chi Minh, Vietnam

A brief introduction

In the 17th century, Ho Chi Minh City was known as Prey Nokor, an important Khmer sea port prior to annexation by the Vietnamese, and now it known as Saigon, is the largest city in Vietnam. From 1955 to 1975 Sai Gon was the capital of the French colony of Cochinchina. In 1976, Saigon merged with the surrounding Gia ??nh Province and was officially renamed Ho Chi Minh City.

The city center is situated on the banks of the Saigon River, 60 kilometers from the South China Sea and 1,760 kilometers south of Hanoi – the capital of Vietnam. With a population of more than 9 million people and about 20 million inhabitants by 2020, HCM becomes the most populous metropolitan area in Vietnam and the countries of the former French Indochina. This city consists of Thu Dau Mot, Di An, Bien Hoa and surrounding towns and cover most parts of Dong Nam Bo plus Tien Giang and Long An provinces under planning will have an area of 30,000 square. According to the Mercer Human Resource Consulting, Economist Intelligence Unit and ECA International, Ho Chi Minh City is ranked 69th on the list of world’s most expensive cities and the 3rd most expensive city of South-East Asia (after Singapore and Hanoi).

Many people call Ho Chi Minh city as a city of contrasts because the pace of life is frenetic, and yet the wide boulevards and parks help the city retain an air of calm. Classic French architecture competes for attention with brand new high-rise buildings. The port hosts vast tankers and cruise-liners while tiny sampans dart around them on the Saigon River. The resulting wide boulevards, elegant French architecture, and leafy ambience remain today. Sidewalks designed for evening strolls are now lined with food stalls and cafes that spill into the street. The villas left by the French have been converted into the city’s best restaurants, and the wide tree-lined streets are abuzz with motorbikes.


Ho Chi Minh City is served by Tan Son Nhat International Airport, located in Tan Binh District. Only need to apply Vietnam visa, foreigners can come to Ho Chi Minh city by plane. Because Tan Son Nhat is currently the largest airport in Vietnam in terms of passengers handled but in the future it will soon be superseded by Long Thanh International Airport that will be able to operate in 2025.

Ho Chi Minh City is also a terminal for many Vietnam Railways train routes in the country. The Reunification Express runs from Ho Chi Minh City to Hanoi from Saigon Railway Station in District 3, with stops at cities and provinces along the line.

The city center is situated on the banks of the Saigon River, 60 kilometers from the South China Sea and 1,760 kilometers south of Hanoi, the capital of Vietnam. So waterway vehicles are very popular.

In case of travelling around the city, tourists can take the means of transportation such as motorbikes, buses, taxis, and bicycles. Motorbikes remain the most common way to move around the city, taxis are plentiful and suitable to take a long trip. Public buses run on many routes. Or you can take  motorcycle taxis or cyclos for short trips.


Nowadays, wide elegant boulevards and historic French colonial buildings still help adorne to the city’s core. The most prominent structures in the city center are Reunification Palace, City Hall, the Municipal Theatre, also known as the (Opera House), City Post Office, State Bank Office,… and Notre-Dame Cathedral. Some of the historic hotels are the Hotel Majestic, dating from the French colonial era, and the Rex Hotel, Caravelle hotel some former hangouts for American officers and war correspondents in the 1960s and 1970s.

Besides elegant boulevards, various museums also make attractions of this city, such as the Ho Chi Minh City Museum, Museum of Vietnamese History, the Revolutionary Museum, the Museum of Southern Women, the Museum of Fine Art, the Nha Rong Memorial House, and the Ben Duoc Relic of Underground Tunnels,…

 There are also other places of entertainment that tourists should come such as: Ben Thanh market and Hoa Binh Theaters and the Lan Anh Music Stage. The Dam Sen Tourist and Cultural Park, Suoi Tien Amusement and Culture Park, and the Can Gio Eco beach resort are three recreational sites inside the city which are popular with tourists. Ho Chi Minh City is home to hundreds of cinemas and theatres.

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