Vietnam tourism visa to My Son

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Vietnam tourism visa to My Son

Vietnam tourism visa to My Son Sanctuary – a mysterious place

vietnam visa   Vietnam tourism visa to My SonSetting in a small valley belonging to Duy Phu Commune, Duy Xuyen District, Quang Nam Province, My Son has 71 monuments and 32 epitaphs, the content of which is still being studied. It was considered as the sanctuary of the Cham Kingdoma and the world cultural heritage in 1999.

Including many temples which were built along time ago, from 4th century under the reign of Bhadravarman for the worship of God Shiva-Bhadresvara. However, some of them were destroyed and rebuilt at the beginning of the 7th century. Each new monarch came to My Son after his accession to the throne, for the ceremony of purification and to present offerings and erect new monuments, which explains why My Son is the only place where Cham art flourished without interruption from the 7th to the 13th century. 

All temples in My Son were built into groups that basically followed the same model. Each group was comprised of a main sanctuary (kalan), surrounded by towers and auxiliary monuments. The kalan, which is a symbol of Meru Mountain (centre of the universe, where the gods live) is dedicated to Shiva. The small temples are devoted to the spirits of the eight compass points. Cham temples do not have windows, so they are very dark inside. Windows are only found on the towers. In the towers, topped with tiled, curved roofs, were stocked the offerings and sacred objects of the pilgrims.

vietnam visa   Vietnam tourism visa to My SonCham Towers and temples were built of bricks associated with sandstone decorations. It is quite noteworthy that no adhesive can be seen in between the bricks, which is amazing since some of the works have survived thousands of years. The structures were built, and only then did the sculptors carve the decorations of floral patterns, human figures or animals. This technique is unique in Asia.

Every Kalan in My Son is comprised of three parts: the bhurloka (foundations), the bhurvaloka (body of the tower) and the svarloka (roof).  The bhurloka represents the terrestrial world. It is decorated all the way round by engravings of patterns, animals, human characters praying under small vaults, masks of Kala or Makara (monsters), dancers, musicians… The bhurvaloka symbolises the spiritual world where, after being purified, men could meet the ancestors and the gods. It is built with very thick bricks (about 1m thick), but its height can vary from one monument to the next. The outside is decorated with pilasters, false doors or windows. The svarloka usually has three storeys in the same style as the base, and features a main door and other, false, ones. It is decorated with small sandstone or brick statues representing mythical animals, which are mounts ridden by gods in the Indian tradition: birds, swans, buffaloes, elephants or lions. There are small decorative towers at the corners of the 1st and 2nd storeys. This roof, made of sandstone or brick, can be either pyramidal or boat-shaped.

My Son Sanctuary is welcome all visitors who enjoy discovering the mystery and ancient architecture.

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